|category||post hoc, statistics wielding|
|motivation||appeal to fear|
As part of the US anti-vaping FUD, some astroturf groups extensively used misrepresentations of teen use statistics to bolster their scare. Claims of "28% of children are vaping" were used to obfuscate the relatively low daily/regular use from experimental consumption. Going so far as to proclaim instant/invariable addiction even. And of course completely ignoring any context, such as the accelerated smoking decline.
It was a largely artifical scare, possibly even being caused by the very same groups - who stoked teen curiousity through reckless anti-vaping ads (more so reckless than e-cigarette vendors). Most scientific circles are appalled by the squanderous use of the term 'epidemic' even. (It's neither transmittable, nor even appropriate terminology for an otherwise habitual ongoing.)
- The great American youth vaping epidemic. Really?
- Most young people do not vape, and even fewer vape regularly (NYU)
In 2018, 81.4% of students had not used any tobacco or vapor product in the p30d, and 86.2% had not vaped in the p30d. Among all students, of the 13.8% vaped in the p30d, just over half vaped on ≤5 days (7.0%), and roughly a quarter each vaped on 6–19 days (3.2%) and on 20+ days (3.6%). Almost three quarters of p30d vapers (9.9%) reported past or concurrent tobacco use and the remainder (3.9%) were tobacco naïve. 2.8% of students were tobacco naïve and vaped on ≤5 days; 0.7% were tobacco-naïve and vaped on 6–19 days, and 0.4% were tobacco-naïve and vaped on 20+ days.
- It's time to stop confusing the public with sensationalist rhetoric on e-cigarettes
- We find a gaping chasm between the vision of an epidemic of e-cigarette use threatening to engulf a new generation in nicotine addiction and the reality of the evidence contained in the NYTS.
- Non-distinction of N-in-30-days from frequent or daily usage
- Thus declaring all youths as active users, even if it was one-time 🟥
- "27.7%" sounded more alarmist 🟫
- Albeit the 6-7% regular/frequent use should have been fairly concerning (large portion of those were tobacco-naïve youths 🟧)
- Less so than the 3.6% frequent (20day+) use (daily was at 1.8% iirc?)
- The majority of frequent teen use was among current/former teen smokers.
- Obfuscation was also used to purport instant addiction dangers
- Isolated rise statistic "+78%"
- Was only used as initial scare stat
- Confounding THC vaping into nicotine vaping (the CDC obfuscated THC vaporizer use🟥 in NYTS stats)
- Stats were used to insinuate a gateway threat🟧, which necessitated ignoring the accelerated smoking decline among US teenagers: https://twitter.com/ChaunceyGardner/status/1510294544952307714
FDA framing campaigns
Notably the "epidemic" moniker was crafted by the FDA based on NYTS 2018 data. They gloated about this being a framing campaign and well-testing with the target group: »THE SCIENTIFIC FACTS IN THE "EPIDEMIC" CAMPAIGN« (PDF/p.21)
Note how their Real Cost campaign (started Sep 2018) predates the height of experimental use.
The vaping framedemic had some repercussions for the real pandemic however. It was not just undermining messaging or eroding credibility of public health orgs, but delayed actual action.